Computer abbreviations and their meanings

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Computer = Commonly Operated Machine Particularly Used in Technical and Educational Research
CPU = Central Processing Unit
RAM = Random Access Memory
ROM = Read Only Memory
PROM = Programmable Read Only Memory
EPROM = Erasable PROM
EEPROM = Electrically EPROM
HDD = Hard Disk Drive
FDD = Floppy Disk Drive
KBD = KeyBoard
I/O = Input & Output
CD = Compact Disk
DVD = Digital Video Disk
SMPS = Switch Mode Power Supply
POST = Power ON Self Test
BIOS = Basic Input Output System
VDU = Visible Display Unit
LED = Light Embedded Diode
LCD = Liquid Crystal Display
USB = Universal Serial Bus
VGA = Video/Visual Graphic Adapter
LAN = Local Area Network
WAN = Wide Area Network
MAN = Metropolitan Area Network
HLL = High Level Language
LLL = Low Level Language
MIPS = Million of Instruction Per Second
Mbps = Mega Bytes Per second
Kbps = Kilo Bytes per second
HTTP = Hyper Text Templates
WWW = World Wide Web
IP = Internet Protocol
ISP = Internet Service Provider
4 Bits = 1 Nibble
8 Bits = 1 Byte
1024 Bytes = 1 Kilo Byte ( KB )
1024 KB = 1 Mega Byte ( MB )
1024 MB = 1 Gyga Byte ( GB )
1024 GB = 1 Tera Byte ( TB )
1024 TB = 1 Peta Byte ( PB )
1024 PB = 1 Exa Byte ( EB )
1024 EB = 1 Zetta Byte ( ZB )
1024 ZB = 1 Yotta Byte ( YB )
HTTP - Hyper Text Transfer Protocol.
HTTPS - Hyper Text Transfer Protocol Secure.
IP - Internet Protocol.
URL - Uniform Resource Locator.
USB - Universal Serial Bus.
VIRUS - Vital Information Resource Under Seized.
3G - 3rd Generation.
GSM - Global System for Mobile Communication.
CDMA - Code Division Multiple Access.
UMTS - Universal Mobile Telecommunication System.
SIM - Subscriber Identity Module.
AVI - Audio Video Interleave
RTS - Real Time Streaming
SIS - Symbian OS Installer File
AMR - Adaptive Multi-Rate Codec
JAD - Java Application Descriptor
JAR - Java Archive
JAD - Java Application Descriptor
3GPP - 3rd Generation Partnership Project
3GP - 3rd Generation Project
MP3 - MPEG player lll
MP4 - MPEG-4 video file
AAC - Advanced Audio Coding
GIF - Graphic Interchangeable Format
JPEG - Joint Photographic Expert Group
BMP - Bitmap
SWF - Shock Wave Flash
WMV - Windows Media Video
WMA - Windows Media Audio
WAV - Waveform Audio
PNG - Portable Network Graphics
DOC - Document (Microsoft Corporation)
PDF - Portable Document Format
M3G - Mobile 3D Graphics
M4A - MPEG-4 Audio File
NTH - Nokia Theme (series 40)
THM - Themes (Sony Ericsson)
MMF - Synthetic Music Mobile Application File
NRT - Nokia Ringtone
XMF - Extensible Music File
WBMP - Wireless Bitmap Image
DVX - DivX Video
HTML - Hyper Text Markup Language
WML - Wireless Markup Language
CD - Compact Disk.
DVD - Digital Versatile Disk.
CRT - Cathode Ray Tube.
DAT - Digital Audio Tape.
DOS - Disk Operating System.
GUI - Graphical User Interface.
HTTP - Hyper Text Transfer Protocol.
IP - Internet Protocol.
ISP - Internet Service Provider.
TCP - Transmission Control Protocol.
UPS – Uninterruptible Power Supply.
HSDPA - High Speed Downlink Packet Access.
EDGE - Enhanced Data Rate for GSM [Global System for Mobile Communication] Evolution.
VHF - Very High Frequency.
UHF - Ultra High Frequency.
GPRS - General Packet Radio Service.
WAP - Wireless Application Protocol.
TCP - Transmission Control Protocol .
ARPANET - Advanced Research Project Agency Network.
IBM - International Business Machines.
HP - Hewlett Packard.
AM/FM - Amplitude/ Frequency Modulation.
WLAN - Wireless Local Area Network
AVI - Audio Video Interleave
RTS - Real Time Streaming
SIS - Symbian OS Installer File
AMR - Adaptive Multi-Rate Codec
JAD - Java Application Descriptor
JAR - Java Archive
JAD - Java Application Descriptor
3GPP - 3rd Generation Partnership Project
3GP - 3rd Generation Project
MP3 - MPEG player lll
MP4 - MPEG-4 video file
AAC - Advanced Audio Coding
GIF - Graphic Interchangeable Format
JPEG - Joint Photographic Expert Group
BMP - Bitmap
SWF - Shock Wave Flash
WMV - Windows Media Video
WMA - Windows Media Audio
WAV - Waveform Audio
PNG - Portable Network Graphics
DOC - Document (Microsoft Corporation)
PDF - Portable Document Format
M3G - Mobile 3D Graphics
M4A - MPEG-4 Audio File
NTH - Nokia Theme (series 40)
THM - Themes (Sony Ericsson)
MMF - Synthetic Music Mobile Application File
NRT - Nokia Ringtone
XMF - Extensible Music File
WBMP - Wireless Bitmap Image
DVX - DivX Video
HTML - Hyper Text Markup Language
WML - Wireless Markup Language
CD - Compact Disk.
DVD - Digital Versatile Disk.
CRT - Cathode Ray Tube.
DAT - Digital Audio Tape.
DOS - Disk Operating System.
GUI - Graphical User Interface.
HTTP - Hyper Text Transfer Protocol.
IP - Internet Protocol.
ISP - Internet Service Provider.
TCP - Transmission Control Protocol.
UPS - Uninterruptible Power Supply.
URL - Uniform Resource Locator.
USB - Universal Serial Bus.
VIRUS - Vital Information Resource Under Seized.
3G - 3rd Generation.
GSM - Global System for Mobile Communication.
CDMA - Code Division Multiple Access.
UMTS - Universal Mobile Telecommunication System.
SIM - Subscriber Identity Module.
HSDPA - High Speed Downlink Packet Access.
EDGE - Enhanced Data Rate for
GSM - [Global System for Mobile Communication] Evolution.
VHF - Very High Frequency.
UHF - Ultra High Frequency.
GPRS - General Packet Radio Service.
WAP - Wireless Application Protocol.
TCP - Transmission Control Protocol .
ARPANET - Advanced Research Project Agency Network.
IBM - International Business Machine Corporation.
HP - Hewlett Packard.
AM/FM - Amplitude/ Frequency Modulation.
WLAN - Wireless Local Area Network
 
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